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Although federal offenses have varying levels of severity, from misdemeanors to felonies, crimes are usually of a serious matter for the government to become involved. If you find yourself facing federal crimes charges, you may be up against the full force of the federal authorities. With this level of prosecution ahead of you, it is necessary to retain the experienced help and guidance of Florida federal crimes lawyers from Musca Law. With more than 150 years of collective experience, our team can provide you with the legal services you need in order to effectively fight for the best possible outcome on your behalf. By devoting tremendous amounts of time and resources to our clients’ cases, we are better prepared to defend their rights and exploit the weaknesses of our opponents’ cases.

For more information about your case, don’t hesitate to call Musca Law at (888) 484-5057. We are available 24/7 to answer any questions or concerns you may have about your circumstances.

Defining a Federal Crime

Overall, the difference between federal and state crimes is relatively slim, only narrowed down to which legislation has created the laws. For example, some forms of public safety violations or murder may be reviewed at local, state, or federal levels.

As the name suggests, federal crimes constitute offenses that violate federal law, resulting in these cases being presented in federal court. In many cases, some of these crimes can be even more serious than violations of local and state laws, as the offenders may constitute a greater threat to public safety or national safety.

Based on the list generated by the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), here is a closer look at some examples of offenses labeled as federal crimes:

  • Terrorism
  • Counterintelligence crimes
  • Cybercrime
  • Corruption of the public
  • Violation of civil rights
  • Organized criminal activity
  • Violent crimes
  • Theft of art, jewelry, or other items of value
  • Immigration crimes
  • Threats against members of the government
  • White-Collar crimes

Organizations That Handle Violations of Federal Law

In the event that a person, a pair of people, or an organized group has committed a crime at the federal level, one or more agencies will handle an investigation of one or more of these serious violations:

  • Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosive
  • Department of Veterans Affairs
  • Drug Enforcement Administration
  • Environmental Protection Agency
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • Fish and Wildlife Service
  • Health and Human Services
  • Immigration and Customs Enforcement
  • Internal Revenue Services
  • U.S. Marshals Service
  • U.S. Postal Inspection Service
  • U.S. Secret Service

Full Listing of Federal Crimes and Relatable Punishments

For a full readout of federal crimes, be sure to visit the official website for the Code of the United States House of Representatives, as set in place by the nation’s government. Included is a list of violations and the management of offenses in federal court.

Committing an Act of Terrorism in Florida

As outlined in the Code of the U.S. House of Representatives Title 18, Chapter 113B – Section 2331 (1), an act of terrorism constitutes two different types of crimes:

  • International terrorism: acts of violence that endanger human lives and violate the laws set in place by the United States of America (if committed within U.S. jurisdiction)
  • Domestic terrorism: acts of violence that endanger human lives within the jurisdiction of the United States of America or any U.S. state

In keeping with Chapter 113B-Section 2232 (a-c), any individual who has been charged with an act of terrorism will face a variety of penalties, depending on the type of crime:

  • Homicide: Anyone who murders a U.S. citizen outside U.S. borders may face a fine, the death penalty, or a life sentence
  • Conspiracy to Homicide: Anyone who attempts to kill a U.S. citizen will face fines and 20 years to life in prison
  • Physical violence: An individual who physically attacks and causes harm to a U.S. citizen will be fined and face a 10-year imprisonment

Committing a Counterintelligence Crime in Florida

As defined by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, counterintelligence crimes are defined as sharing sensitive information with foreign intelligence services or taking part in such an activity.  Such information may include advanced technologies or files about public health, finances, the U.S. economy, or various sectors of technology.

As an example, here is a look at charges for acts of federal espionage in U.S. Code Title 18-Chapter 37:

  • Chapter 37-Section 792: Individuals who harbor fugitives (who have committed or are preparing to commits acts of espionage) will face a fine or no more than 10 years of imprisonment.
  • Chapter 37-Section 793: Individuals who gather information to be used harmfully against the United States and/or to the advantage of a foreign body, nation, or country, will be fined or face no more than 10 years in jail (if this individual forfeits). Culprits will be forced to hand over the information to federal agents.

Committing a Violation of Civil Rights in Florida  

The FBI defines a “violation of civil rights” as any perceived threat (verbal and/or physical) to the safety and well-being of people on the basis of skin color, race, religion, gender, sexuality, or additional rights/freedoms of U.S. citizens. On that note, the U.S. House of Representatives outlines punishment for civil rights offenders through Title 18 Chapter 13 under the U.S. Code:

  • Chapter 13-Section 241: If two or more people attempt to physically injure or threaten a person living in the U.S. state, territory, commonwealth, possession, or district in an attempt to violate civil rights, these individuals may be fined or sentenced to an unlimited time in prison. In some cases, the death penalty is an option.  
  • Chapter 13-Section 249: Any individual who attacks a person (due to the victim’s religion, race, gender identity, sexual orientation, or additional civil rights) and causes harm by means of blunt force or a dangerous weapon will be fined and/or face up to 10 years or life in prison.

Committing an Act of Extortion in Florida

Ultimately, the FBI recognizes white-collar crimes as a serious of violations that take place in the business or corporate sectors of America. Common crimes include the illegal sharing of private information (extortion) and falsifying information (fraud). Kickbacks are also included under the umbrella of white-collar crimes. Here is an example of the U.S. Code covering extortion under Title 18 Chapter 41: 

  • Chapter 41-Section 873: Anyone who demands money by means of threats of informing will be fined and/or spend no more than 1 year in prison.
  • Chapter 41-Section 874: Anyone who forces another employee in a specific line of business or corporate work to hand over earnings that the victim has rightfully earned under employment contract will face a fine and/or imprisonment for no longer than 5 years.
  • Chapter 41-Section 876: Anyone who sends mail communications that threatens the well-being of victims, potential kidnapping, or bodily harm shall be fined and/or receive a prison sentence anywhere from 5 to 10 (and even 20) years.

Committing Crimes against Children in Florida

Overall, the category of “crimes against children” focuses on a wide variety of crimes towards individuals below the age of 18. Such violations may include child pornography, child abuse, sexual exploitation, selling children, or buying children. Here is a closer look at some serious child-related crimes and related punishments through the U.S. Code, Title 18, Chapter 110:

  • Chapter 110-Section 2251: Anyone (including parents and guardians) who attempts to persuade, entice, encourage, force, or coerce any child into an act of sexual activity will be fined in accordance with the violation and/or will be imprisoned for no longer than 15 years. People who take part in child pornography will be sent to prison for no more than 20 years. Multiple offenders will be sent to prison no less than 35 years (or life).
  • Chapter 110-Section 2251A: Any parent or guardian who sells children or attempts to sell their children for the purpose of sexual use or child pornography will be fined and/or sent to jail for no less than 30 years.

Also, please note that people who fail to report incidences of child abuse will be fined and/or sent to jail for no longer than 1 year, in accordance with Chapter 110-Section 2258.

Robbing or Burglarizing Property in Florida

Ultimately, the FBI recognizes robbery and burglary as an act of organized crime, a violation that was planned by a network of individuals in a constituted criminal hierarchy. As indicated by the U.S. Code, Title 18, Chapter 103, individuals who rob or burglarize property in an effort of organized crime will face the following charges:

  • Chapter 103-Section 2112: Individuals who attempt to steal the private property of citizens of the United States will face a prison sentence of no longer than 15 years.  
  • Chapter 103-Section 2113: Individuals who attempt to use violent and/or intimidating tactics in an effort to obtain property protected by a bank will face a fine and/or be imprisoned for no longer than 20 years. If the conspirators attempt to steal more than $1,000 of bank money, these individuals will be fined and/or imprisoned for no more than 10 years. If the criminals killed people in the process, they will potentially face a life sentence.
  • Chapter 103-Section 2119: Individuals who intend to inflict bodily harm to or kill a citizen of the United States in an attempt to steal his or her vehicle will be fined and/or face jail time for no longer than 15 years. Criminals who inflict bodily harm on the victim will be sentenced to jail time of 25 years. In the event of murder, the sentence may be increased to the death penalty.

Being a Member of a Criminal Gang in Florida

By means of task forces like the Safe Streets Task Force and the National Gang Intelligence Center, the FBI enforces safety on the streets and works hard to combat criminal gangs in our country. Utilizing information from the NGIC, the FBI collects federal, state, and local data regarding gang activity including racketeering and organized crimes (like robbery). Here is a closer look at the punishments for taking part in gang activity, as highlighted in U.S. Code Title 18 Chapter 26, Section 521:

  • Individuals who take part in an act of juvenile delinquency or commits a controlled substance felony through membership of a criminal street gang will potentially face prison time of no more than 10 years. In the event of a singular controlled substance crime, the prison time will be reduced to no more than 5 years.

Committing an Act of Homicide in Florida

Under the category of violent crimes, the U.S. Code Title 18, Chapter 51 defined homicide as any violent acts that result in the unlawful killing of an innocent civilian (or multiple civilians) who are residents of the United States of America. Here is a closer look:

  • Chapter 51-Section 1111: Anyone who commits a murder of the 1st degree will face life imprisonment or the death penalty. Anyone who commits a murder of the 2nd degree will face an unlimited amount of time in prison or life.
  • Chapter 51-Section 1112: Culprits found guilty of voluntary manslaughter will face a fine and imprisonment of no longer than 15 years. Individuals found guilty of involuntary manslaughter will face a fine and prison time or no more than 8 years.

Keep the following definitions in mind:

  • “Murder” refers to an intention to kill a person.
  • “Manslaughter” refers to the unlawful killing of a person without any intention of murder.  

Grounds for Defense in a Federal Crime Case in Florida

According to the U.S. Department of Justice, the defendant may suggest that he/she did not willingly commit the crime if he/she can provide viable evidence proving this case. On the other hand, an individual can admit to taking part in a crime after receiving full authority from a member of the government.

Put 150+ Years of Legal Experience to Work for You!

At Musca Law, our Florida federal crimes attorneys are dedicated to upholding your rights and fighting aggressively for a satisfactory outcome on your behalf. Whatever situation you face, Musca Law has the experience and resources necessary to pursuing success in your case. Let us fight for your future.

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